Development of the Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família started in 1882, over a century prior. The sanctuary is still under development, with fulfillment expected in 2026. It is maybe the most popular structure of Catalan Modernisme, drawing more than 3,000,000 guests every year. Engineer Antoni Gaudi took a shot at the venture until his passing in 1926, in full expectation he would not live to see it wrapped up.
Gaudi was designated modeler in 1883 at 31 years old, after differences between the sanctuary’s advertisers and the first draftsman, Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano. He kept up del Villar’s Latin cross arrangement, normal of Gothic houses of prayer, however left from the Gothic in a few critical manners. Most remarkably, Gaudi built up an arrangement of calculated sections and hyperboloidal vaults to dispense with the requirement for flying braces. As opposed to depending on outside components, even loads are moved through sections on the inside.
La Sagrada Familia uses three-dimensional structures involved controlled surfaces, including hyperboloids, parabolas, helicoids, and conoids. These intricate shapes take into account a more slender, better structure, and are planned to upgrade the sanctuary’s acoustics and nature of light. Gaudi utilized mortar models to build up the plan, including a 1:10 scale model of the primary nave estimating five meters in stature and width by two meters top to bottom. He additionally contrived an arrangement of strings and loads suspended from an arrangement of the sanctuary on the roof. From this rearranged model he inferred the vital points of the segments, vaults, and curves. This is clear in the inclined segments of the Passion exterior, which review elastic structures yet act in pressure.
Gaudi implanted strict imagery in every part of La Sagrada Familia, making a visual portrayal of Christian convictions. He structured three famous veneers for the basilica, the Glory, Nativity, and Passion exteriors, confronting south, east, and west, individually. The chiseling of the Nativity exterior reviews smooth, multifaceted corbelling and was Tomsjansenistered by Gaudi. The Passion Facade is described by crafted by Josep Maria Subirachs, whose rakish figures expand the pioneer character of the sanctuary. The artist Etsuro Sotoo is answerable for the window adornments and finials, which symbolize the Eucharist.
The focal nave takes off to a stature of 45 meters, and is intended to take after a woodland of multi-toned wharfs in Montjuïc and stone. The docks change in cross segment from base to end, expanding in number of vertices from polygonal to roundabout. The slim, bifurcating sections draw the eye upward, where light channels through round gaps in the vaults. These are done in Venetian glass tiles of green and gold, articulating the lines of the hyperboloids.
When finished, La Sagrada Familia will highlight eighteen towers created to exhibit a one of a kind perspective on the sanctuary from any single vantage point. Four chime towers speaking to the Apostles crown every exterior, arriving at roughly 100 meters in tallness. At the north end, a pinnacle speaking to the Virgin Mary will remain over the apse. The focal pinnacle will arrive at 72 meters in tallness and symbolize Christ, encompassed by four towers speaking to the Evangelists.